Integer Representations towards Efficient Counting in the Bit Probe Model

Gerth Stølting Brodal, Mark Greve, Vineet Pandey, and S. Srinivasa Rao

In Proc. 8th Annual Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, volume 6648 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 206-217. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2011.


We consider the problem of representing numbers in close to optimal space and supporting increment, decrement, addition and subtraction operations efficiently. We study the problem in the bit probe model and analyse the number of bits read and written to perform the operations, both in the worst-case and in the average-case. A counter is space-optimal if it represents any number in the range [0,...,2n-1] using exactly n bits. We provide a space-optimal counter which supports increment and decrement operations by reading at most n-1 bits and writing at most 3 bits in the worst-case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such representation which supports these operations by always reading strictly less than n bits. For redundant counters where we only need to represent numbers in the range [0,...,L] for some integer L < 2n-1 using n bits, we define the efficiency of the counter as the ratio between L+1 and 2n. We present various representations that achieve different trade-offs between the read and write complexities and the efficiency. We also give another representation of integers that uses n + O(log n ) bits to represent integers in the range [0,...,2n-1] that supports efficient addition and subtraction operations, improving the space complexity of an earlier representation by Munro and Rahman [Algorithmica, 2010].

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011. All rights reserved.

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BIBTEX entry

  author = "Gerth St{\o}lting Brodal and Mark Greve and Vineet Pandey and S. Srinivasa Rao",
  booktitle = "Proc. 8th Annual Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation",
  doi = "10.1007/978-3-642-20877-5_22",
  isbn = "978-3-642-20876-8",
  pages = "206-217",
  publisher = "Springer {V}erlag, Berlin",
  series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science",
  title = "Integer Representations towards Efficient Counting in the Bit Probe Model",
  volume = "6648",
  year = "2011"